Towards the end of the first week, Kelley Kizzier, co-host of the discussions, said at a secondary event: “I think we`re starting to see some landing zones [for the deal], but it`s still bubbling.” In the end, this should not be the case and the whole section has been deferred to COP25. The 2015 Paris Agreement is the first multilateral agreement on climate change that covers most of the world`s greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement contains a global action plan to put the world on track to avert dangerous climate change, by limiting global warming to a level well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and by making efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. It came into force on November 4, 2016. Nevertheless, many practical and purely technical issues remain unresolved and require their implementation in order for the Paris Agreement to be put into practice. As part of the Paris Agreement, the Conference of the Parties (COP) is responsible for developing guidelines for the implementation of climate change targets. The Paris agreement stipulates that such trade should be “consistent with the guidelines,” but does not rule it out if there are no guidelines, Keohane argues. He adds that this was deliberately formulated so that voluntary market mechanisms against attempts to sabotage a rules agreement would make voluntary market mechanisms “safe for Brazil” voluntary “Brazilian” market mechanisms. The COP24 agreement, reached under the Polish Katowice Convention, details how to achieve the Paris targets of limiting global temperature rise to less than 2%. It is essential that the 196 countries concerned have agreed on a common set of implementation rules.
While critics have argued that more could have been done to speed up the implementation of the climate change plan, proponents say the agreement is a major step forward in allowing the rules to be used by 2020. Despite disagreement over the adoption of the IPCC scientific report (the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) – with the United States, Russia, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, which “note” their content instead of “welcoming” them, an agreement was finally reached on the implementation of the rules to combat climate change. There was no agreement on the rules of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement on the use of carbon markets in an international context or on common target dates for NDCs. However, given the possibility of loopholes that would allow for a double count and possibly undermine the integrity of the Paris Agreement and its general ambitions, it was preferable to postpone a decision on the international co2 markets until next year. Contributions defined at the national level are the pillars of the mitigation aspects of the agreement. The parties are expected to present new, more ambitious climate change commitments from 2020 and every five years thereafter. These revised commitments will be informed by a series of regular “comprehensive review” exercises to measure progress. (While the agreement requires parties to make emissions commitments, review and report on their progress in implementing them, it does not require them to actually meet their commitments.) The 2018 United Nations Climate Change Conference was the 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24), also known as the Katowice Climate Change Conference.  It took place from 2 to 15 December 2018 in Katowice, Poland. The conference was held at the International Convention Centre.
The president of COP24 was Michael Kurtyka. The conference also held the fourteenth meeting of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP14) and the third meeting of the first meeting of the parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA1-3 or CMA1.3) on the provisions of the implementation of the agreement.